Please join the East Central European Center and the Harriman Institute for a two day conference organized by Alan Timberlake and Angela Wheeler.
For a century or more, citizens of the Eastern Bloc viewed public space as the primary setting for urban life. Socialist architects and planners envisioned common space as a transformative cultural force, deploying “social condensers” meant to break down inequitable hierarchies and foster a sense of the collective. Private property effectively disappeared from view. But just as the nationalization of property transformed cities at the opening of the twentieth century, so too did privatization at the century’s close. This two-day colloquium on “Commons: Public Spaces After Socialism” will explore the cultural, political, and socioeconomic implications of post-socialist urban transformation.
Friday, April 28, 2017
10:20am - Opening Remarks
Alan Timberlake, Director, East Central European Center
Session I: Global Forces, Local Spaces
10:30am - 12:30pm
Anar Valiyev, ADA University, Baku
State Spectacle in Baku
Despite state reassurances that Baku’s glamorous remaking represents a “gift to the people,” the social and spatial benefits of state boosterism are far from equal.
Angela Wheeler, Harvard University
Innocents Abroad: Transnational Gentrification in Tbilisi
Evangelizing the urban lifestyles they've been priced out of at home, expats and "post-tourists" have introduced such pop urbanist concepts as "co-living" and "co-working" that recall early Communist social experiments—but are now stripped of their social agenda.
Maia Simon, Yale University
Khan Shatyr as Instructive Public Space
Khan Shatyr shopping mall’s design and its relationship to its surrounding context create the impression of a modern Crystal Palace, functioning simultaneously as a public space and an exhibition of new economic models of consumption.
12:30pm - 2:00pm Lunch break
Session II: Sociability
2:00pm - 4:00pm
Milya Zakirova, independent scholar
Urban courtyard as common good: paradoxes of local protest in Russian cities
Defending their common areas against haphazard post-Soviet privatization, residents unable to prove their property rights in court resorted to Soviet rhetoric, defining that territory broadly as public space, common good, and its loss as an expression of the state’s mistreatment of its citizens.
Serhii Tereshchenko, Columbia University
A District For Creative Brains: Rusanivka (1959-1972) in Kyiv
This presentation explores the first prototype for a techno-utopian “home of the future” in which intellectual workers would think, dream, and create together in their district to then go to their separate jobs and advance Soviet society.
Christina Crawford, Emory University
What is to be done with socialist spatial fluidity?
Porous site planning, in which shared open spaces flowed between residential, cultural, and service buildings, was made possible by the socialist land regime. What happens to these spaces after privatization?
Saturday, April 29, 2017
Session III: Informal Economies
10:30am - 12:30pm
Tamta Khalvashi, New York University (Fulbright)
Towers for Troubling Times: Speculative Futures and Transformation of Public Space in Postsocialist Georgia
Using the Georgian Black Sea city of Batumi as an example, this paper explores how optimism involved in the massive urban transformation of post-socialist cities implicate informal economic practices and networks, leading to new forms of social exclusion and marginalization.
Milica Iličić, Columbia University
Privatization, Occupation, Enterprise: a Case Study of Belgrade's Zvezda Cinema
This presentation reports on the occupation of a movie theater (which had been neglected in the rampant conversion of common space to capitalist ventures in Belgrade) by activists and the different ideologies and discourses that informed the instigators of the cinema's revival.
Oleg Pachenkov, European University of St. Petersburg
Every City Has the Flea Market It Deserves
In postsocialist cities where public space is eroded by haphazard privatization, the flea market functions as a public forum and reservoir of civic initiative. This presentation explores flea markets in Berlin and St. Petersburg as social and cultural—not merely economic—institutions.
Session IV: Post-Socialist Alienation
2:00pm - 4:00pm
Angela Harutyunyan, American University of Beirut
Video as a Painterly Medium: The Dialectic of the Ideal and Alienation in Contemporary Art in Armenia
The paper investigates select video art practices in the context of Yerevan’s urban transformations, symptomatic of the shifts within the local manifestations of global capitalism, resurgent nationalism as the political ideology of the state, and disillusionment with the political promise of democracy that characterized the immediate post-Soviet years in the early 1990s.
Veronika Zablotsky, University of California, Santa Cruz
Gendered (Re-)Publics, Grey Zones, and the Art of Queer Heterotopia in Post-Soviet Armenia
Captured on a surveillance camera, an incidence of arson in a queer-owned Armenian bar reveals the state of post-Soviet publics, their transnational and geopolitical entanglements, as well as their irreducible grey zones.
Aniko Szucs, Haverford College
“(Not) Enough of the Colorful Revolution!”: Protesting the State-Curated Aesthetics of Kitsch in Skopje
This paper investigates the performative actions in which anti-government groups have reclaimed public spaces by throwing colorful paint at contentious state-sponsored monuments.
Mary Taylor, CUNY Graduate Center
Publics, commons, and struggles over enclosure in turn of the millennium Hungary
In their important work on commoning, George Caffentzis and Silvia Federici present the act(s) of commoning as central to their definition of “the commons.” This presentation will draw on their contribution to the question of commons/commoning to discuss various forms of enclosure and privatization that have taken place, as well as struggles around them, in late socialist/post-socialist context of Eastern Europe, particularly Hungary.